Botox® and Dysport® belong to a class of medications called Neuromodulators. Neuromodulators are a safe and common method of smoothing out facial wrinkles. In fact, Botox® and Dysport® are the most popular cosmetic treatments in the United States and worldwide.
Where are Botox® & Dysport® used?
Botox® and Dysport® are commonly used in the face to treat wrinkles. However, not all types of wrinkles will respond to these medicines. Only wrinkles formed by repetitive motion are affected by Neuromodulators. Typical areas include frown lines, crow’s feet, forehead and the downturned corners of the mouth. Besides cosmetic uses, other uses for Neuromodulators include:
- Treatment of excessive sweating
- Migraine headaches
- Synkinesis (a complication from Bell’s Palsy)
- Blepharospasm (uncontrolled twitching of the eyelid)
- Facial muscle spasms
How do they work?
Neuromodulators are proteins that work by causing muscles to relax. The protein is placed directly into the muscle and prevents the release of chemicals that cause muscle contraction. The effect of this is muscle relaxation, which allows wrinkles in the overlying skin to melt away!
Are they safe?
Neuromodulators are extraordinarily safe. The most common complications from Neuromodulator therapy include a small bruise at the treatment site, relaxation of the eyelid or asymmetry of the areas that have been treated. Of these, a relaxed eyelid is the most concerning for patients. It has been noted in no more than 1% of patients and might last for 1-2 weeks. If this problem does occur, eyedrops can be used to correct the position of the eyelid until it resolves.